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Skin Care Glossary

We want to share with you our skin care glossary, which will help you to understand how to take a better care of your skin.

Check below: 

  • Antioxidants – compounds that inhibit oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, thereby leading to chain reactions that may damage the cells of organisms. Vitamins A, C and E, beta-carotene, green tea and grape extract are highly effective antioxidants. 
  • Balms – rich moisturizers that target dry patches of skin. Look for ingredients such as avocado extract or shea butter. 
  • Base – generally refers to a product applied under foundation to smooth and protect the skin. Bases usually contain a mix of vitamins, antioxidants and anti-aging ingredients. 
  • Collagen – a fibrous protein found in skin. When collagen levels in the skin are high, the skin appears firm. Levels of collagen decline as we age. Wrinkles begin to form when there is a lack of collagen.
  • Fixers – sprays that set makeup. Also, you can use powders to set the makeup.
  • Oxidants – unstable molecules caused by pollution, smoke, ultraviolet light, toxins, and other environmental factors. Also known as free radicals, they attack and damage the skin, leading to premature aging. 
  • Photo aging – sun damage. 
  • Retinoids – (Retin-A, retinal, Renova) are powerful vitamin A derivatives which fight acne and help build collagen to reverse visible signs of aging. Also, retinoids make skin more sensitive to the sun, use of a sunscreen is essential. Natural sources of retinoids include yams, tomatoes, fish-liver oils, melon, squash, and leafy green vegetables. 
  • Serums – concentrated, corrective skin treatments that are packed with highly effective active ingredients that address specific skin concerns like dullness and uneven skin tone. Ingredients commonly found in serums include vitamin C, green tea extract, and white birch extract. For best results, serums should be applied after cleansing, before moisturizer. 
  • SPF – (sun protection factor) is a relative measure of how long a sunscreen will protect you from ultraviolet (UV) B rays. 

We hope our skin care glossary will be useful for you! Learn more on our makeup courses!